|Location||- East bank of Nile
- Upper Egypt - immediately north of the first cataract. Navigation to the delta was possible from this location without encountering a barrier. From this frontier town to the northern extremity of Egypt the river flows for more than 1100 km without bar or cataract.
- The voyage from Aswan to Alexandria usually occupied between 21 and 28 days in favourable weather.
|Nome||Land of the arch - the 1st Nome of Upper Egypt|
|Type of Settlement||Garrison town|
The Royal Tombs of Aswan - Nobles built a necropolis of rock cut tombs on the high cliffs on the West bank of the Nile.
|Local deity||Anqet the embracer - goddess of fertility and the Nile |
|Historical Development||- Since the Early Dynastic period the city marked the southern frontier of Egypt. Swenet was the first town in the country|
- The Ancient Egyptians considered the 1st cataract just south of the city to be the sacred source of the Nile,
- Throughout all ancient history, the city was a garrison town for the Egyptian army
- A major trade center with Nubia and the rest of Africa, and here were levied toll and custom on all boats passing southward and northward
- The Mining quarries located here were celebrated for their stone, and especially for the granitic rock called Syenite.
- During the Ptolemaic period, Aswan was chosen as the first capital of Upper Egypt due to its strategic location, and the Ptolemies used it as a base to enter Nubia
-Aswan Dam - Construction began in 1960 and was completed on 1970, the aim of this water project was to prevent the river's flooding, generate electricity and provide water for agriculture.
Without impoundment, the River Nile would flood each year during summer, these floods brought nutrients and minerals that made the soil around the Nile fertile
As the population along the river grew, there came a need to control the flood waters to support agriculture In a high-water year, the whole crop may be entirely wiped out, while in a low-water year there was widespread drought and famine
The Lake reservoir behind the dam raised concerns from archaeological site and a rescue operation was implemented by the UNESCO, 24 major monuments were moved to safer locations