Comparison Between Egyptian and Modern Perfumes
|Criteria||Egyptian Perfumes & Oils||Modern Perfumes & Oils|
- Natural ingredients both homegrown and imported - Punt was the source of aromatic woods and incense
- Most of the ingredients were of plant origin, but the use of animal fats was also known
- Oils included moringa, balanos, castor oil, linseed and sesame.
- Perfume is made from about 78% to 95% ethyl alcohol and a remainder of essential oils.
- Synthetic odorants include coal-tar and petroleum distillates
- Chemicals provide fragrances which are not found in nature
|Religious Role||- Gods were associated with fragrant smells
- The blue lotus was the emblem of the god Nefertem; 'The Lord of Perfume'.
|- Secular role|
|Olfactive families||- Floral: Fragrances that are dominated by the scent of lotus flowers
- Woody: Fragrances that are dominated by woody cedar scents imported from Lebanon.
|- Floral Bouquet: Containing the combination of several flowers in a scent.
- Oceanic: A new category in perfumes
- Citrus: Refreshment eau de colognes with low tenacity of citrus scents.
- Gourmand: Contain edible scents like vanilla and other synthetic components designed to resemble food flavors.
- Oils were used for mummification - bodies were anointed with perfume to bestow life upon them
- Ointments for the unction of gods statues
- Elite society used perfumes on occasions and parties - wall paintings depict people sniffing lotus flowers.
|Perfume for the Masses
- Widely used by working classes to give the human body and living spaces a pleasant smell.